International Baccalaureate

As an alternative to the Higher School Certificate (HSC), many schools offer the International Baccalaureate (Diploma) program to students aged between 16 and 19 years of age.  The IB credential is widely recognised and accepted by universities around the world. The IB Diploma Programme curriculum, as explained by the International Baccalaureate website, is as follows:



Over the course of the two-year programme, students:

  • study six subjects chosen from the six subject groups
  • complete an extended essay
  • follow a theory of knowledge course (TOK)
  • participate in creativity, action, service (CAS).


  • three of the six subjects are studied at higher level (courses representing 240 teaching hours)
  • the remaining three subjects are studied at standard level (courses representing 150 teaching hours).


Subjects, other than languages, may be taught and examined in:

  • English
  • French
  • Spanish
  • There are pilot projects taking place in German and Chinese.

The extended essay is a requirement for students to engage in independent research through an in-depth study of a question relating to one of the subjects they are studying.

Theory of knowledge is a course designed to encourage each student to reflect on the nature of knowledge by critically examining different ways of knowing (perception, emotion, language and reason) and different kinds of knowledge (scientific, artistic, mathematical and historical).

Creativity, action, service requires that students actively learn from the experience of doing real tasks beyond the classroom. Students can combine all three components or do activities related to each one of them separately.

Source: http://www.ibo.org/diploma/curriculum/

In brief, students in Australia study six subjects including:

  • English
  • A second language
  • Humanities subject
  • Science subject
  • Mathematics subject
  • Arts subject or a second elective

Students must also complete a 4000-word essay on a subject of their choice (Extended Essay), study the required Theory of Knowledge course as well as participating in extra-curricular activities, as part of the Creativity, Action and Service element.

High School Tutoring College is dedicated to assisting students reach their full potential by offering tutoring services in mathematics and science subjects. A sample IB mathematics tutorial can be viewed here.